157m2, Private house
Will Galloway, Koen Klinkers,
Tatsumi Terado Structural Studio
Tokyo is a center of architectural experimentation, the result of a particular combination of creativity, liberal regulations, and economics. Usually creativity is assumed to come from designers willfully exploring interesting paths. Possibly that is true today, but in the 1960’s, when Tokyo was expanding with few controls, the city was built by its inhabitants directly. Highly experimental, extremely reactive, homes were pure reflections of daily life; a multi-family household built over a parking lot; a single room for rent built below the main house; a shop on the ground floor with private stairs extending directly from the curb; balconies and additions extended the homes beyond their core without nuance or subtlety. Primitive but inventive the homes spoke directly to the city.
Ironic that with the flush of wealth Tokyo abandoned much of the freedom of that past for superficially better homes, picked from a catalog of standard parts. Daily lives today fit into prefabricated symbols of domestic success, even though they are less reflective of actual need. More fascinating that regulations have become even more liberal in the intervening years, allowing more freedom. Barely taken advantage of, the gap between what is built and what is possible has yet to be explored. So here we take a step back so we can move ahead on another track.
This house is a dance studio on the ground floor, with a home above, yoga space on the roof. The design is primitive, almost cartoonish. Every regulation is used to maximize space and volume, but the plan is simplified to three open floors, stacked one upon the other.
The ground floor is buffered from the road by a reflective aluminum screen, otherwise opened to the city by continuous windows and mirrors. Dancers feel part of the city, not isolated. The home is accessed by steel stairs with an exaggerated landing on the 2nd floor acting as porch. Windows are placed economically to offer depth in an otherwise small site. No attempt is made to frame views because the city does not rest for long and views are fleeting. Garden and decks work with the interior to offer an un-mediated experience of the city
Formal experimentation is often lost in the chaos of Tokyo but we are entering another period of massive change. It is time to engage the city more directly.